Patriot ActThe USA PATRIOT Act (Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001) was signed into law by President George W. Bush. Portions of the law had been set to expire in 2005, but were subsequently renewed. These FBI documents range from 2002 to 2005.
Mohammed KhalifaMohammad Jamal Khalifa Mohammad Jamal Khalifa (1957-2007), brother-in-law of Usama bin Laden, was arrested in the U.S. in December 1994 on immigration charges. Khalifa was deported to Jordan in June 1995 and later released by Jordanian authorities. This release consists of investigative files from the FBI’s San Francisco and New York offices concerning his arrest and ties to terrorist financing investigations between the years 1994 and 2003.
Usama (Osama) Bin LadenUsama (or Osama) Bin Laden, founder of the al Qaeda terrorist organization, was born in Saudi Arabia in 1957. On March 10, 1984, Bin Laden and others killed two German nationals. On March 16, 1998, authorities in Tripoli issued an arrest warrant for him for murder and illegal possession of firearms. Bin Laden was also wanted for the August 1998 bombing of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. He was killed by U.S. forces in May 2011. This release consists of material that predates the 9/11 attacks.
Saddam HusseinSaddam Hussein (1937-2006) was the president of Iraq from 1979-2003. In 2003, coalition forces invaded Iraq and deposed Hussein. In 2006, he was tried by the Iraqi Interim Government and convicted of the retaliatory executions of 148 Iraqi Shiites. He was executed on December 30, 2006. Part 1 of this release is a March 10, 2005 “Prosecutive Report of Investigation” written for the Iraqi Special Tribunal concerning Hussein’s commission of crimes against humanity, war crimes, and genocide. Part 2 consists of interviews conducted by the FBI while Hussein was in U.S. custody in 2004; the release’s contents range from 2004 to 2006.
AmerithraxAmerithrax, short for American anthrax attacks, was a multi-agency investigation led by the FBI. It was launched in October 2001, when letters laced with anthrax powder were mailed to NBC News anchor Tom Brokaw, U.S. Senators Tom Daschle and Patrick Leahy, and media offices in New York and Florida. Five people were killed and another 17 were sickened in the attack. The FBI’s ensuing investigation led to the U.S. government biological research facility at Ft. Detrick, Maryland and eventually centered on pathologist Bruce Ivins as the culprit. A wide range of investigative documents from the years 2001-2010 are available here.
Guantanamo (GTMO)Guantanamo Bay (GTMO) Special Inquiry In 2004, the FBI initiated a special inquiry investigation into whether Bureau personnel had witnessed “any aggressive mistreatment, interrogations, or interview techniques” of detainees in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba by representatives of the military, law enforcement, or the FBI. This release consists of responses to an FBI Office of General Counsel request to Bureau personnel assigned to Guantanamo Bay between September 11, 2001 and September 2004. There were no documented incidents of mistreatment involving FBI personnel.